Comments to FCC on Net Neutrality 2017

If you need a bit of background on what the Net Neutrality battle is about, you can read the history of this specific battle (which started with a news story based on research I led) that I wrote last week. Or you can watch the video of me explaining and responding to some comments in a far more concise manner. Continue reading…


A Brief history of How the Net Neutrality Fight Started

In the middle of summer 2007, I was contacted by my big boss at TorrentFreak, Ernesto van de Sar, to investigate a report he’d had. According to some reports on forums like DSLreports, Comcast users were having issues keeping or making BitTorrent connections, especially seeding, and could I take a look at it?
So I did.

I reached out to my friends, and friends-of-friends, looking for Comcast customers (and non-Comcast customers), and started some research going. I was nearly a hermit for 2 weeks, as I talked people through setting up the data collection systems, and then processed the data. It did, however, pay off as it led to proof that there was indeed something screwy going on with Comcast connections. Not all connections, mind, but most, and spread all over the US, from Utah to New England.

Basically, Comcast was using a product from Sandvine to disrupt the use of BitTorrent. When it detects BitTorrent seeding, it would perform a man-in-the-middle attack, and send RST packets to both ends of the connection, terminating the connection, made to look like it came from the other end. Imagine a phone call, and the phone company decides to terminate it but makes it seem like the other side deliberately hung up on you. Continue reading…


Proposed DHS Rules May Cause the Deaths They Claim To Prevent

Back at the end of March, the Department of Homeland [in]Security issued rules stating that all electronics larger than a smartphone should be checked instead of kept in a carry-on on flights into the US from 10 airports or on 9 airlines from mainly Muslim countries in the middle east and north Africa. This was following claims by US and UK intelligence that terrorists are smuggling explosive devices in various consumer items to ‘target commercial aviation.

Not only does this not pass the smell test (anyone looking to bring down an aircraft with explosive devices won’t matter if it’s in the cabin or the hold, boom is boom) the idea that it’s going to go through some sort of super-secret screening is laughable when red-team penetration tests find it trivial to get prohibited items onto aircraft (including people with no ticket who bypass security screening), but many airports already require carry-on electronics to be x-rayed, and often swabbed for explosive residue. What’s more, I remember seeing ‘explosives smuggled on board’ hysteria since Pan Am 103 almost 30 years ago, where Czech explosive Semtex was suspected to be in everything from fake muesli to electronics following the use of just 12 ounces (340g) to blast a 50cm hole in the 747’s hold. Continue reading…


New Book Project – Philosophies from the Disc

The wisdom of these books and more, distilled.

I’ve been busy working on several projects over the past few months, and one I’m now happy to announce is a new book. (well, if you follow me on Goodreads, you’ll note I announced it there a few weeks back). This book will NOT be about politics, but will instead focus on another love of mine, the Discworld.

The deep philosophy of these books and more, distilled for you.Of course, as you know, I can’t leave politics alone, so this is a book that’s about Discworld, but also politics, facts, and philosophy. In short, it’s basically “Everything to learn about life can be learnt from Discworld” (got a better title idea, let me know!) Continue reading…


Civil Forfeiture (and Karma) Could Destroy Trump

Kira Lerner at ThinkProgress today wrote about how the New York Attorney General is looking into state-based solutions to deal with the emoluments issue with Trump. In short, the state can investigate the payments not from the point of view of the President, but instead focus on the Trump Organisation aspect. This got me thinking a little about an incident in the news last week when Trump threatened a state senator because that legislator wanted to place some more safeguards on civil asset forfeiture. Could Trump — who values his wealth as a sign of power — be substantially hit (and possibly learn a lesson) if he were subject to the very thing he seems to champion? Continue reading…


Brexit, The Referendum, & the Balancing Act

As parliament goes ever closer to a Brexit vote (now that the Supreme court has said it has to have a vote and that the PM can’t unilaterally act – much to the anger of those claiming they wanted to return power to Parliament and away from an unelected entity making laws.. go figure) there is an increasing debate over which way MP’s should vote.

Before the referendum, a majority of MP’s were opposed to Brexit, and since the referendum, many seem to be leaning towards voting for it.

Let’s break this down a bit.

Before the referendum, most were against Brexit, why?
Well, put simply, the vast majority of evidence strongly showed that Brexit would be bad economically.

In other words, the weight of evidence was overwhelmingly in the ‘remain’ camp. As such, the politicians were going to do what was best for the country, and stay in.
Let’s represent this as a balance.

Now, let’s talk about the referendum results. They were 17,410,742 (51.89%) leave and 16,141,241 (48.11%) leave (for a 1,269,483 vote or 3.78% margin). I’m not going to get into the whole ‘lies’ and promises that were later walked back, those were the results, and that’s what we’ve got to deal with.
So, let’s put them on an imaginary balance.

So, we’ve got one balance strongly tilted towards ‘remain’ (fact) and one that’s slightly tilted to leave (public opinion).

So, what happens when you combine them?

Oh dear, still a strong tilt towards remain.

So how do you get from this position to one where leave dominates? Well, you can either remove the evidence(or minimise the weight you give it) or maximise the weight you give to the popular vote.

Either way, you have to get the 3.8% vote margin large enough to overcome the massive factual deficits of Brexit.

The only way to do that is to essentially ignore the facts. To take a marginal win in an advisory referendum, and use that as the pure benchmark, that’s disastrous.

Now, had there been significant (as in more than 3.8% margin, more like a 15-20%) gap then that would be more acceptable. However, the votes show that there’s only a slight preference for leave AT THE TIME.

So, the advice from the populace was a very very weak ‘leave’. In what way does that very weak leave advice outweigh all the factual evidence against it?

It doesn’t.

What we have is the problem of naked populism. The problem is that people as a whole can be manipulated by base emotions. Give them something to be afraid of, angry about, or an excuse to be greedy, and they’ll grab it and back it to the hilt. It doesn’t matter if it’s true,  a bit misleading or complete bullshit.

The job of an MP is not to enable populism. Their job is (supposed to be) about helping enact good legislation for the benefit of the country.

Today’s 498-114 vote failed that (and ironically, it required more undemocratic action, in the form of a 3-line whip)

It failed the UK.

It exists on a belief of magical trade deals that are going to mysteriously be better because when roughly 50% of UK trade is with the EU, that’s going to be hard to compare with the 8-17% (depending on how you calculate it) of EU trade to the UK. Absent a deal, the UK takes a hit to half its economy, the EU takes a hot to a sixth at worst. So the UK has a lot more at stake, and thus the weaker position.

This treats the EU as a single entity, though, which isn’t actually true. Despite claims of bureaucracy imposed by Brussels from the leave camp, any trade deal has to be approved individually by each member state individually. So, while certain Brexiters have gone on about how 1-in-5 German cars are sold in the UK, and the German auto industry is -in-7 of their workforce (thus giving them significant leverage with the German Government) at best that means a 1-in-35 hit to the workforce (assuming these claims, which I have no verified, are true), but more importantly, the negotiators won’t be negotiating for Germany, they’ll be negotiating for the EU. So, even if we assume the German car companies get a sweet deal in the negotiations, Will the Dutch or the Latvians go for that deal? Would Poland be car-friendly, considering it wants all Astra production, and not to share it with the Vauxhall plant in Ellesmere Port (which GM is considering, and would push things even more towards the EU)?

Then there are more historical issues. Take Gibraltar for instance. They voted 96% remain, but their existence has always been a thorn in the Spanish side, claiming it’s Spanish territory. There are significant restrictions on the air approach corridors for Gibraltar airport, for instance. Absent significant concessions from the UK, Spain may vote ‘no’ on any deal.

So deals aren’t a foregone conclusion, but even if they are, it still takes time.

The Trans-Pacific Partnership, for instance, started in 2008. the final meeting was in Atlanta in September 2015, and it was signed in Feb 2016, but is no longer going to be implemented, because the US withdrew without ratification a week ago.

8 years of negotiating wasted.

The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) was started in January 2013 following that year’s State of the Union address by President Obama, and 4 years on, still isn’t negotiated (it estimated the negotiations will take another 2 years). Ratification would take another year or more, meaning that will be a 7-year process, if all goes well.

It’s not a month-long thing, these kinds of deals. The only way to make it quicker is to capitulate. The EU can afford to wait, the UK can’t.

So, we can last it out, get a quite bad deal 6-7 years down the line, or the UK can negotiate a really bad deal and get it in 2-3 years if all goes well.

And so the advice of a tiny majority of UK voters that these things should be ignored should have been acknowledged, but dismissed. The members of Parliament have access to more information, are better educated on the realities out there than the “man in the street’s” tabloid opinions.

An advisory referendum, at the end of the day, is just that, advice. It’s not a suicide pact. To advise does not mean to overrule common sense.